Commemoration
&
Remembrance
Oppression

Siegmund Bauchwitz

born 13.11.1876 Świebodzin
d. 28.10.1944 Auschwitz

DGIM Honorary Member 1925 – 1938

Siegmund Bauchwitz was born the son of the Jewish merchant Salomon Bauchwitz and his wife Florens Löwenstein in Schwiebus (Świebodzin), just under 70 kilometers east of the Oder River.1

Doctor in Bamberg

Bauchwitz received his doctorate in Munich in 1903, where he had been studying medicine since 1899.2He moved to Bamberg in December 1904, and applied to become the first coroner there five years later. He was initially hired as a deputy, but was able to take over as head of the Bamberg mortuary in 1911.3 He resigned from this position two years later, when he married Alice Sofie Ehrlich, born in 1888, that same year, on March 26, 1913.4 He probably opened his Bamberg medical practice at that time. It is ascertained that he became a convoy physician of a Red Cross medical train in 1913.5

During World War I, Bauchwitz, who had been a reserve physician since 1900, was deployed to the Western Front from September 1914 until the end of the war, participating in the battles of Flanders and the Battle of the Somme, among others.6 He suffered a minor shoulder injury toward the end of the war. He was awarded the Iron Cross.7

This did not help him under Nazi rule. His license to practice medicine was revoked in 1936. Degraded to "Krankenbehandler" (medic), he was only allowed to treat Jewish patients.8

Abuse During the 1938 November Pogrom

Bauchwitz was massively abused in the pogrom of November 10, 1938. According to an eyewitness account by neighbor Eva Schapira, he was dragged out of his house at Hainstraße 7 – where he had moved years earlier from Großer Markt 24 ­– and "beaten bloody in the street, so that for some time he was unable to care for his [...] patients."9 He had to serve time in "protective custody" in the district court prison, but was soon released. 10 The brutal persecution by the National Socialists did not prevent the doctor from becoming a community leader of the already very weakened Jewish Community in Bamberg in 1939.11 His community function unintentionally put him in the position of a command recipient. Thus the Gestapo forced him to compile "transport lists" with the names of Jews to be deported.12

Death in Auschwitz

He and his wife Alice were themselves deported to Theresienstadt on the last Bamberg Transport II/25 on September 11, 1942. They were forced to board the train to Auschwitz concentration camp two years later, on October 28, 1944, where they were murdered.13 In 2008, two "Stolpersteine" were placed in front of Hainstraße 7 in Bamberg, commemorating the Bauchwitz couple.


References

Landesarchiv Berlin. Personenstandsregister 1876-1945, serial number: 60956: Nebenregister A. Geburts-Register im Standesamt Schwiebus, Kreis Züllichau-Schwiebus, 1876, Geburtsurkunde Nr. 298. - On the biography cf. in detail Andreas Ullmann, Two "Stumbling Stones against Forgetting" for Siegmund Bauchwitz (General Practitioner and First Chairman of the Jewish Community Bamberg 1939 - 1942) and his wife Alice Bauchwitz (née Ehrlich), Bamberg 2008 (= Working Papers of the Willy-Aron-Society Bamberg e.V., Issue 2/2008), also in: www.willy-aron.de.See Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007.See Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007.See Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007.See Herbert Loebl, Juden in Bamberg. Die Jahrzehnte vor dem Holocaust, Bamberg 2000, p. 325.Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv München. Department IV War Archives. Kriegsstammrollen, 1914-1918, vol. 765, Kriegsrangliste: Staff, pp. 236f, no. 3.See Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007.See Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007.Cited by Anonymus, Aus Buch und Akten zitiert. Resistance. Dr. Nikolai Czugunow-Schmitt adds information on the Bauchwitz couple, in: Fränkischer Tag, 13.11.2007. Cf. Herbert Loebl, Juden in Bamberg. Die Jahrzehnte vor dem Holocaust, Bamberg 2000, p. 210.See Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007; Gedenkbuch Bundesarchiv (www.bundesarchiv.de, einges. Dec. 11, 2019).Cf. Anonymous, Quoted from Book and Files. Resistance. Dr. Nikolai Czugunow-Schmitt adds information on the Bauchwitz couple, in: Fränkischer Tag, 13.11.2007; Karl H. Mistele, Das Ende einer Gemeinde. Juden im Bamberg 1930-1942, Bamberg 1988.See Ekkehard Hübschmann, The Deportation from Nuremberg on November 29 1941, in: Wolfgang Scheffler/Wolfgang Schulte, Diana. Book of Remembrance. Die ins Baltikum deportierten deutschen, österreichischen und tschechoslowakischen Juden, vol. I, Munich 2003, pp. 541-568, p. 543; Harald Rieger, Zwei weitere Stolpersteine gegen das Vergessen. Lecture. Die Willy-Aaron-Gesellschaft erinnerte an das tragische Schicksal des Bamberger Ehepaares Bauchwitz, in: Fränkischer Tag, 3.11.2007; Herbert Loebl, Juden in Bamberg. Die Jahrzehnte vor dem Holocaust, Bamberg 2000, p. 210.See Theresienstädter Gedenkbuch, vol. 3, p. 272.

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